TO INSTALL THE
1) Remove the filter from its box.
one washer on the stem of the filter.
the stem through the hole in the top bucket and through the lid of the bottom
the 2nd washer on the stem and attach the wing nut.
the wing nut until tight.
about 1/3 of the top bucket with water and check for leaks.
a leak is detected repeat step 1 thru 6.
the sock over the filter and use one rubber band to hold the sock in place.
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT THERE IS NOT A LEAK AROUND THE FILTER
STEM. THE CLEAN WATER, IN THE BOTTOM
BUCKET, WILL BE CONTAMINATED BY THE WATER FROM THE TOP BUCKET.
9) Before using the filter system we suggest you sanitize the buckets with a diluted bleach
solution. 1 teaspoon of bleach mixed
with 1 gallon of water will do the job.
down the outside and the inside of each bucket with the bleach solution. Let dry for 15 minutes.
the filter unit and set on a level surface.
the top bucket with water Use a third bucket or container to maintain system
integrity and hygiene.
water is removed from the bottom bucket add that amount of water to the top
14) It will usually take a couple of days for the
flow rate to reach itsí maximum outputóaround ¾-1 gallon per hour. The flow rate increases as the ceramic shell
and the mixed media (inside the ceramic shell) become saturated with water.
15) When the flow rate of the filter decreases,
this would indicate that the sock and the filter might need to be cleaned.
gloves remove the "dirty" sock and rinse it in clean water.
the filter is used and is in contact with dirty water the white ceramic shell
will become stained and the pores of the clay will become clogged with
a Scotch-Brite pad (green scrub pad) GENTLY rub the surface of the filter. This will remove some of the stain and dirt. Remember
this retains the bacteria so use gloves.
with clean (filtered) water.
the filter unit and fill it with water.
General Emergency Considerations
Ø Each individual requires 1 gallon of drinking
water per day to survive.
to that cooking and hygiene needs then 2 or 3 gallons per day per person is
that a family of four can require as much as 12 gallons of clean water each
store enough water for two weeks would require a 200 gallon holding tank. Or
800 purification tablets! The better
option is to produce your own purified water.
our gravity feed filtration system you can produce an average of 12- 24 gals
per day using 3- 6 gallon buckets. With
other issues to deal with, plan to fill the system twice a day morning and
night and you will produce ample water for a family of four. You can obtain
more output by keeping the top bucket full and thus put more head pressure on
you require more water we have a system to pressurize the top bucket and
increase outflow to 70 gallons per day. The kit includes a screw-on sealed top
lid with air valve and hand pump.
recommend using three buckets to keep the system intact and insure the bottom
bucket does not become contaminated. One bucket is used to retrieve water from
your pool. pond, or stream. Carefully pour it into the top bucket then retrieve
a reserve supply for the next batch.
is usually raining during most emergencies so you can collect rainwater using a
tarp that is sloped to your retrieving bucket for collection. The area of an
8x10 tarp will collect 30 gallons with 1 inch of rainfall. The rainwater is
clean but may have other stuff blow in.
Tarp can also serve to supply shelter for outdoor cooking or gathering areas as
well as protect belongings. Have a few with you in each car at all times.
Things to remember
NEVER USE ANY TYPE OF
SOAP WHEN CLEANING THE BUCKETS, THE SOCK OR THE FILTER. THIS WILL RUIN THE FILTER AND WILL NO LONGER
you start using the filter, the activated carbon is only good for about 6-8
months. The ceramic shell, which is
filtering out the bacteria, will last between 1-2 years. The carbon, inside the ceramic shell, will
become packed over a period of time and you will need to shake the filter, to
loosen the carbon. Replacing the filter
depends upon the flow rate. If the flow
rate is very slow even after cleaning the filter, it should be replaced.
Cleaning the Ceramic Filter:
Cleaning your ceramic filter is important to maintaining both filtration and flow rate. U clean (previously filtered) water, and a scotch-brite pad or soft brush, to rub the surface of the filter. This gentle cleaning releases dirt, dead bacteria and organisms trapped in the pores of the surface. The frequency of cleaning will depend on the sediment of the water you filter the more contaminated the water, the more frequent. You may notice a coating on the ceramic cone a reduction in flow resulting in less output over the same time frame.
If you begin to taste stale water then the carbon inside the ceramic cone has run its course. You can add an inline external carbon filter to the drip system or change out the ceramic filter. Generally we see the ceramic last for most of a year but the carbon can lose it effectiveness within six to eight months. Keep in mind if it passes through the ceramic it is clean it just may have an odor or stale taste.
Always wear disposable gloves think about what the filter is removing from the water. You might even consider a mask. Scrub the filter then wipe down and rinse with clean water. Remember to wash your hands thoroughly after cleaning and keep the bottom bucket clean at all times.
No Soap Please:
Do not allow the ceramic filter case to make contact with detergents, soaps or any other cleaning agents. These substances will clog the pores and reduce the efficiency of the filtration.
You may notice that the ceramic dome erodes in the cleaning process, much like sanding. This is to be expected. It will not diminish the filterís ability to purify water, nor will it compromise the effectiveness of the colloidal silver. Think of it as shedding dead coral cells. Your ceramic dome should survive up to 100 cleanings. In addition, the gradual re surfacing will improve your filtration by clearing away cloged pores..
Shake It Up!
While you are doing your maintenance, donít forget to shake your filter cartridge. Periodic shaking helps prevent the carbon inside the case from packing. Packing will disrupt the flow of water through the filter and reduce the output of filtered water.
Cleaning Your Filtration Bucket:
It makes sense to clean the top bucket when you clean your ceramic filter. Rinse the top bucket with clean water and then give it a good disinfection inside and out with a bleach solution. We also have a safe disinfectant made from Thyme that will disinfect both the top and bottom bucket and is food safe. Allow the buckets to air dry after using any disinfectant, do not wipe dry as you can introduce new bacteria from the towel.
DO NOT USE SOAP!
Donít forget to disinfect the spigot while you are at it. Let the bucket air-dry in the sun if possible. The sun is natureís UV treatment. Next, carefully reassemble your water station and youíre ready to purify more water! This routine maintenance of your ceramic water filter system will help improve flow rate while prolonging the life of your filter.
Several factors influence the effectiveness of activated charcoal. The pore size and distribution varies depending on the source of the carbon and the manufacturing process. Large organic molecules are absorbed better than smaller ones. Adsorption tends to increase as pH and temperature decrease. Contaminants are removed more effectively if they are in contact with the activated charcoal for a longer time, so flow rate through the charcoal affects filtration. Because adsorption works by chemically binding the impurities to the carbon, the active sites in the charcoal eventually become filled. Activated charcoal filters become less effective with use and have to be replaced.